• 首页
  • 人才中心
  • 工场场景
  • 栏目分类

    工场场景

    你的位置:上海臣系网络科技有限公司 > 工场场景 > 英语强调句

    英语强调句

    发布日期:2022-08-16 04:20    点击次数:105

    强调句,是基本语法 ,是一种修辞,是人们为了表达自己的意愿或情感而使用的一种形式,将已知的与对听者来说是新的内容联系起来。在强调句中,一条信息被分成两个子句,这样有助于让人们专注于新的信息。一、it 型强调句的常用结构1. It is (was) + 被强调部分(主语、宾语、状语或状语从句)+ that (who) ...",在非正式场合中,当强调的部分是宾语时,that 可以省略,例如:强调主语:It is the children who broke the window.是孩子们打破了窗户。强调宾语:It was your sister (that) I met!我遇见的是你妹妹!强调状语:It was in the office that he was killed.他是在办公室被杀的。强调状语从句:It is because he is ill that he can’t come. 是因为生病他才没有来。

    图片

    注意:a、强调原因状语从句时,只能用 because,不能用 since,as 或 why.b、不能用 it 型强调句强调动作,例如:误:It was taking Sally to the party that Mike did.2.  It is (was) not until … that …,例如:直到遇见你我才知道真正的幸福。I didn’t know real happiness until I met you.改成强调句:It was not until I met you that I knew real happiness.3.  一般疑问句的强调句结构是:Is (was) + it + 被强调部分(主语、宾语或状语)+ that (who) ...?,例如:Was it yesterday that he met Li Ping?你是昨天遇到李萍的吗?Is it because he is ill that he can’t come? 是因为生病他才没有来吗?4. 特殊疑问句的强调句的结构是:被强调部分(通常是疑问代词或疑问副词)+ is/ was + it + that(who) ...?When and where was it that you were born?你是什么时候和在哪里出生的?Why is it that he can’t come? 他为什么不能来?二、当句中没有其他助动词时,用助动词 do 来强调动作,结构是 do(does, liyifeng did) + 动词原形,例如:I do hope you’ll stay for lunch.我真希望你留下来吃午饭。The dog does look tired.这条狗看起来确实很累。He did come but soon went back.他确实来了,但很快就回去了。注意:用助动词 do 表示强调时,只有三种形态 do,does 和 did.三、使用形容词表示强调,常见的有 single,only,such,mere,工场场景very,outright,thorough 和 complete 等等,例如:At that very moment the phone rang.就在这时,电话铃响了。We gave the room a thorough cleaning.我们把房间彻底打扫了一番。四、使用副词表示强调,常见的有 never,very,just 等副词和 badly,highly,really 等带有-ly的副词来进行强调,例如:I really don’t know what to do next.我的确不知道下一步该怎么做。试着比较以下四个句子:Only I kissed him last night.只是我昨晚吻了他。解析:only 强调的是只是昨晚我吻了他这件事。I only kissed him last night.我昨晚才吻了他。解析:only 强调的是昨晚我只是吻了他这个动作。I kissed only him last night.我昨晚只吻了他。解析:only 强调的是昨晚我吻的只有他这个对象。I kissed him only last night.我昨晚才吻了他。解析:only 强调的是我只有昨晚吻了他这个时间。五、在英语中,句子的第一个位置通常用来表示强调。当一个不应该放在句首的成分放在句首时,它倾向于强调这个成分,例如:1、把宾语或补语放句首表强调He kept this job twenty years.他做这份工作二十年了。强调: This job he kept twenty years.这份工作他干了二十年。The students can understand this.学生可以理解这个。强调: This the students can understand.这个是学生能理解的。She may be friendly but she isn’t reliable.她可能很友好,但不可靠。强调: Friendly she may be, but reliable she isn’t!很友好她可能是,但可靠她不!2、当我们想用已知的信息开始一个句子,或者我们想与前一个句子中的信息进行重点比较时,把比较级或是最高级短语放句首表强调,格式是:比较级或最高级短语 + be动词 + 主语,例如:The first band was dire. Much more exciting was Red Heat, the second group to play.第一支乐队很可怕。更令人兴奋的是红热队,第二个参加比赛的小组。Many of the monuments are truly awesome. Best of all is the Colosseum.许多纪念碑真的很棒。最棒的是斗兽场。The actors were a mixed bunch. Least inspiring of the lot was Pacino.演员们是一群混血儿。最不鼓舞人心的是帕西诺。3、倒装句表强调六、用定语从句表强调,例如:The guy who told me about the new club was Zack.告诉我新俱乐部的人是扎克。The house where I used to live is near here.我以前住的房子就在这附近。The day (when) we left was the saddest day of my life.我们离开的那天是我一生中最悲伤的一天。The reason (why) they never told me is they don’t trust me.他们从不告诉我的原因是他们不信任我。七、使用 what 从句表强调What Mike did was to take Sally to the party.迈克所做的就是带萨莉去参加聚会。This is what I have to say.这就是我要说的。What he says is not important.他说的并不重要。What Jean and Bob are is stingy!琼和鲍勃是个吝啬鬼!八、使用 the (last/only) thing 或者 all 来表示强调,例如:The thing I most disliked about the movie was the scene in the graveyard.我最不喜欢这部电影的地方是墓地里的场景。The only thing we want is a chance to air our grievances.我们唯一想要的就是有机会表达我们的不满。The last thing we did was (to) pack the kettle.我们做的最后一件事就是收拾水壶。All we’re asking for is to be given a chance.我们只要求给我们一个机会。还可以使用 the (only) thing 与动词的否定形式连用来表示强调,例如:The thing we won’t do is (to) repair goods bought in other shops.我们不会去修理在别的商店买的东西。The only thing we didn’t find was the key to the cellar.我们唯一没找到的就是地窖的钥匙。