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    你的位置:上海臣系网络科技有限公司 > 人才中心 > 英语日常生活基本词汇-常见天气词汇

    英语日常生活基本词汇-常见天气词汇

    发布日期:2022-08-16 11:01    点击次数:119

    词汇是英语学习的基础,其中基本词汇更是基础中的基础。学习日常生活基本词汇,提高基本写作和听说写能力,是每个英语学习者必学的基础知识。

    天气是特定地点和时间的大气条件。它包括温度、湿度、降水、风速和气压。天气预报是对特定地点和时间的大气条件进行预测。天气是指特定地点和时间的大气条件,但气候指的是较长时间内的大气条件的平均值。

    一、常见的天气词汇(A-Z)

    Celsius [ˈselsiəs]    摄氏的,摄氏度

    It will be a mild night, around nine degrees Celsius.

    晚间天气温和,温度约九摄氏度。

    Fahrenheit [ˈfærənhaɪt]    华氏的

    The thermometer read 105 degrees Fahrenheit.

    温度计显示华氏105度。

    barometer [bəˈrɒmɪtə(r)]    气压计

    The barometer is falling. 

    气压在下降。

    breeze [briːz]    微风

    A light breeze was blowing.

    轻风习习。

    clear    晴朗的

    On a clear day you can see France.

    天气晴朗时你可以看见法国。

    climate [ˈklaɪmət]    气候

    You'll soon get used to the climate here.

    你会很快习惯这儿的气候的。

    climate change    气候变化

    Climate change is still very much a subject for debate.

    气候变化很大程度上仍是一个争论的话题。

    cloud    云

    The sun went behind a cloud.

    太阳躲在了一朵云的后面。

    cloudy    阴天的,多云的

    Tonight will be cloudy.

    今天夜间多云。

    cold    寒冷的

    I'm cold. Turn the heating up.

    我觉得冷,把暖气温度调高一点。

    cyclone [ˈsaɪkləʊn]    旋风

    The cyclone has resulted in many thousands of deaths. 

    气旋已经造成了成千上万的人死亡。

    degree    度

    It's over 80 degrees outside.

    外面的温度超过了 80 度。

    drizzle [ˈdrɪzl]    下蒙蒙细雨;毛毛细雨

    The rain has almost stopped, it's just drizzling now.

    雨几乎停了,现在只是在下毛毛雨。

    drought [draʊt]    久旱,旱灾

    Drought and famines have killed up to two million people here.

    旱灾和饥荒夺去了这里200万人的生命。

    dull [dʌl]    阴沉的;昏暗的;多云的

    It was a dull, grey day.

    那是一个阴沉昏暗的日子。

    flood    洪水

    The flood was too deep to drive through. 

    洪水太深,汽车开不过去。

    fog    雾

    We get heavy fogs on this coast in winter.

    这海岸冬天有大雾。

    foggy    有雾的;雾茫茫的

    It's quite foggy now.

    现在雾很大。

    frost [frɒst]    霜

    It will be a clear night with some ground frost.

    今夜晴, 千机变在线下载网站部分地面有霜冻。

    gale [ɡeɪl]   大风,飓风

    A gale was blowing from the east. 

    大风从东面吹来。

    global warming    全球变暖

    Global warming is a real problem.

    全球变暖是个严重的问题。

    hail    冰雹;下冰雹

    We drove through hail and snow.

    我们顶着冰雹和大雪开车。

    heat wave    热浪

    Did you forget the heat wave of last summer?

    你忘记了去年的酷暑了吗?

    high pressure    高压

    Water is forced through the pipes at high pressure.

    水在高压下流过水管。

    hot    热的

    It was hot and getting hotter.

    天气很热,而且气温在不断升高。

    humid [ˈhjuːmɪd]    湿热的

    The island is hot and humid in the summer.

    这个岛在夏季又热又潮湿。

    humidity [hjuːˈmɪdəti]    湿度,湿热

    The heat and humidity were insufferable.

    高温和潮湿让人难以忍受。

    hurricane [ˈhʌrɪkən]    (尤指西大西洋的)飓风

    People were swimming in the ocean despite the hurricane warning. 

    尽管有飓风警报,人们仍然在大海里游泳。

    ice    冰

    The lake was covered with a sheet of ice.

    湖面上覆盖着一层冰。

    lightning    闪电

    He was struck by lightning and killed.

    他被闪电击中而死。

    low pressure    低压

    Water supplies to the house are at low pressure.

    这房子的供水水压低。

    melt    熔化

    The sun had melted the snow.

    阳光融化了积雪。

    mist     薄雾

    The hills were shrouded [ˈʃraʊdɪd] in mist.

    这些小山被笼罩在薄雾之中。

    misty [ˈmɪsti]    多雾的;薄雾笼罩的

    The air was cold and misty.

    空气寒冷且多雾。

    nippy  [ˈnɪpi] 冷的,寒冷的

    It could get suddenly nippy in the evenings.

    晚上会突然变得很冷。

    overcast    阴天的,多云的

    Today it will be dull and overcast.

    今天天气将阴伴多云。

    rain    雨;下雨

    Rain is forecast for the weekend.

    预报周末有雨。

    rainbow    彩虹

    A rainbow arched across the sky.

    一道彩虹横跨天际。

    rainy    多雨的

    In the rainy season things get damp easily. 

    雨季里东西容易返潮。

    shower    阵雨

    We were caught in a heavy shower.

    我们遇上一阵大雨。

    sleet [sliːt]    雨夹雪

    Conditions were damp and foggy after morning sleet.

    早上的雨夹雪过后天气潮湿多雾。

    snow    雪;下雪

    Snow was falling heavily.

    正下着大雪。

    snowy    被雪覆盖的;下雪多的

    We strode across the snowy fields.

    我们大步流星地穿过雪封的旷野。

    storm    暴风雨

    How long do you think this storm will last?

    你看这暴风雨会持续多久?

    sun    太阳

    The sun was just setting.

    太阳刚往下落。

    sunny    晴朗的

    The outlook for the weekend is hot and sunny.

    预计本周末将为晴热天气。

    sunshine    阳光

    They had three weeks of glorious sunshine. 

    他们度过了三周阳光灿烂的日子。

    temperature [ˈtemprətʃə(r)]    温度

    The temperature has risen by five degrees.

    温度升高了五度。

    thermometer [θəˈmɒmɪtə(r)]    温度计

    The thermometer recorded a temperature of 40 ˚C. 

    温度计显示气温达到了40摄氏度。

    thunder    雷,人才中心雷声;打雷

    Thunder crashed in the sky. 

    霹雳在空中炸响。

    thunderstorm [ˈθʌndəstɔːm]    雷雨,雷暴;雷雨交加

    She got caught in a thunderstorm. 

    她遇上了雷雨。

    tornado [tɔːˈneɪdəʊ]   龙卷风

    Tornado in china mostly occurs in summer half year. 

    龙卷主要发生在夏半年。

    weather    天气

    Did you have good weather on your trip?

    你旅途中天气好吗?

    weather forecast    天气预报

    The weather forecast is better for today.

    天气预报说今天天气要好一些。

    wind    风

    The wind is blowing from the south.

    刮的是南风。

    windy    多风的,大风的

    It was windy and Jake felt cold.

    风很大,杰克觉得很冷。

    二、如何用英语问天气问题及回答

    1. What’s it like out/ outside?/ What’s the weather like?/ How is the weather?/ What is the weather doing?/ What is the weather like in Paris?/ What is the weather like in Paris in winter?/ How is the weather in the south of the country? 

    外面天气怎么样?/天气怎么样?/巴黎的天气怎么样?/巴黎冬天的天气怎么样?/这个国家南部的天气怎么样?

    It is foggy/ snunny/ snowing/stormy/ ….

    外面雾茫茫的/晴朗的/在下雪/有暴风雨…。

    It's really cold now.

    现在真的很冷。

    It is raining heavily outside.

    外面下着大雨。

    It has just stopped snowing.

    它刚刚停止下雪。

    It's miserable out.

    外面令人很不舒服。

    It is rainy in winter and sunny in summer.

    冬雨夏晴。

    It is partly cloudy at the moment but it is usually sunny.

    目前局部多云,但通常是晴天。

    2. What's the temperature there?/ What is the temperature?/ What is the temperature in the east?/ What is the average temperature here in summer?

    那里的温度是几度?/现在温度是几度?/ 东部的气温是几度?/这里夏天的平均气温是几度?

    It is 25°C.

    摄氏25度。

    It is 32 degrees Celsius.

    摄氏32度。

    It's ten below/ minus ten.

    现在是零下十度。

    It’s minus 20 degrees Celsius.

    零下20摄氏度。

    3. What is the weather forecast?/ What's the weather forecast for today/ tonight/ tomorrow/ this week/ …?/ What is the weather forecast for today in Paris?

    天气预报怎么说?/今天/今晚/明天/这周/…的天气预报怎么说?/巴黎今天的天气预报怎么说?

    It looks like snow.

    好像要下雪了。

    There will be rain at first, with sunny spells later.

    开始会有雨,雨后间晴。

    We’re in for frost tonight.

    今晚我们将迎来霜冻。

    It will be a rainy day tomorrow.

    明天会下雨。

    They're saying we will have blue skies for the whole week.

    天气预报说整周都是晴空万里。

    It will be rainy tomorrow.明天会下雨。The weather will be fine.天气会好的。4. How do you feel on rainy/ sunny/ stormy days?下雨天/晴天/暴风雨天你感觉怎么样?I feel sleepy.我觉得困。I feel anxious on stormy days.我在暴风雨天感到焦虑。I feel upset because it’s cold and rainy.我很难过,因为又冷又下雨。5. It's snowing here, what's it doing there?这里在下雪,你那里呢?It's pouring outside.外面下着倾盆大雨。It's hailing.在下冰雹。

    图片

    三、常见的错误我们通常不单独用与天气有关的名词和“it is”来表示天气状况,而用它们的形容词形式代替它们。所以,当我们谈论天气时,我们通常会在名词的末尾加上“-y”,使之成为形容词,或者我们可以通过在名词前面加上形容词来使用名词。1. How's the weather?天气怎么样?❌: It is snow. ✔: It is snowy. ✔: It is snowing. 2. What's it like out?外面天气怎么样?❌: It is rain. ✔: It is rainy. ✔: It is raining. 3. What's the weather like?天气怎么样?❌: It is sun. ✔: It is sunny. ✔: The sun is shining. 四、常见的描述天气情况相关的单词及其形容词

    图片

    五、常见的描述天气情况表达方式1. rainIt is raining/ rainy. 下雨了。It is a rainy day/ morning/ afternoon/ night/ summer/ winter/ spring/ autumn/ season.这是一个多雨的天/早晨/下午/晚上/夏天/冬天/春天/秋天/季节。There is heavy rain. 有大雨。The rain is falling. 下雨了。2. snowIt is snowing/ snowy. 下雪了。It is a snowy day/ morning/ afternoon/ night/ winter.这是一个白雪覆盖的日子/早晨/下午/晚上/冬天。There will be heavy snow tomorrow.明天有大雪。The snow is falling down.下雪了。3. sunIt is shining brightly. 阳光明媚。It is sunny. 天气晴朗。There is a sun after the storm.暴风雨过后有太阳。4. windIt is blowing.风在吹。It is windy.风很大/起风了。It is a windy day.今天是大风天。There is a light wind blowing.有一股微风吹来。5. fogIt is foggy.雾茫茫的/起雾了。It is a foggy day.今天雾茫茫的。There is heavy fog outside.外面有大雾。6. cloudIt is cloudy.天空多云。It is a cloudy day.今天是阴天。It’s been cloudy for a week now. We need some sun!已经多云了一个星期了。我们需要阳光!It’s really cloudy out. I wonder if it will rain today.外面云真多。我不知道今天会不会下雨。There is a cloudy sky.天空多云。It’s pretty cloudy outside.外面多云。It’s partly cloudy.今天局部多云。7. clearIt is clear.天气晴朗。It is a clear day.今天天气晴朗。There is a clear sky.晴空万里。I think it’ll clear up later.我想晚些时候天气会转晴的。8.  coldIt is cold.天气很冷。It is a cold day.今天很冷。It is getting colder.天气越来越冷了。It’s not snowing, but it is very cold.今天不下雪,但很冷。9. hotIt is so hot today!今天真热!It’s so hot out there!外面太热了!10. warmIt is warm and sunny.天气温暖晴朗。It will certainly be warm.天气一定会暖和的。The forecast said it will be warm on Sunday.天气预报说星期天会暖和。It’s so hot today! I hope it’s warmer tomorrow.今天真热!我希望明天暖和些。11. humidIt’s so hot and humid outside. The air feels so thick and sticky.外面又热又湿。感觉空气又浓又粘。It’s so humid out.外面太潮湿了。It is really humid. I really prefer the dry summer air.天气真潮湿。我真的更喜欢夏天干燥的空气。There is a humid summer here.这里夏天很潮湿。12. thunder/ lightingWe just heard thunder, and a lightning storm is expected.我们刚听到雷声,预计会有雷雨。The thunder broke the silence of the night.雷声打破了夜晚的寂静。Suddenly a lightning flashed and we heard a loud of thunder yesterday.昨天突然一道闪电闪过,我们听到一声雷声。I heard the thunder at the same time as the lightning struck.我在雷击时听到了雷声。There is almost non-stop lightning and thunder.几乎雷电交加。The lightning and thunder are continuing.雷电继续交加。There is lightning outside right now.外面现在电闪雷鸣。