Celsius [ˈselsiəs] 摄氏的，摄氏度
It will be a mild night， around nine degrees Celsius.
Fahrenheit [ˈfærənhaɪt] 华氏的
The thermometer read 105 degrees Fahrenheit.
barometer [bəˈrɒmɪtə(r)] 气压计
The barometer is falling.
breeze [briːz] 微风
A light breeze was blowing.
On a clear day you can see France.
climate [ˈklaɪmət] 气候
You'll soon get used to the climate here.
climate change 气候变化
Climate change is still very much a subject for debate.
The sun went behind a cloud.
Tonight will be cloudy.
I'm cold. Turn the heating up.
cyclone [ˈsaɪkləʊn] 旋风
The cyclone has resulted in many thousands of deaths.
It's over 80 degrees outside.
外面的温度超过了 80 度。
drizzle [ˈdrɪzl] 下蒙蒙细雨；毛毛细雨
The rain has almost stopped， it's just drizzling now.
drought [draʊt] 久旱，旱灾
Drought and famines have killed up to two million people here.
dull [dʌl] 阴沉的；昏暗的；多云的
It was a dull， grey day.
The flood was too deep to drive through.
We get heavy fogs on this coast in winter.
It's quite foggy now.
frost [frɒst] 霜
It will be a clear night with some ground frost.
gale [ɡeɪl] 大风，飓风
A gale was blowing from the east.
global warming 全球变暖
Global warming is a real problem.
We drove through hail and snow.
heat wave 热浪
Did you forget the heat wave of last summer?
high pressure 高压
Water is forced through the pipes at high pressure.
It was hot and getting hotter.
humid [ˈhjuːmɪd] 湿热的
The island is hot and humid in the summer.
humidity [hjuːˈmɪdəti] 湿度，湿热
The heat and humidity were insufferable.
hurricane [ˈhʌrɪkən] （尤指西大西洋的）飓风
People were swimming in the ocean despite the hurricane warning.
The lake was covered with a sheet of ice.
He was struck by lightning and killed.
low pressure 低压
Water supplies to the house are at low pressure.
The sun had melted the snow.
The hills were shrouded [ˈʃraʊdɪd] in mist.
misty [ˈmɪsti] 多雾的；薄雾笼罩的
The air was cold and misty.
nippy [ˈnɪpi] 冷的，寒冷的
It could get suddenly nippy in the evenings.
Today it will be dull and overcast.
Rain is forecast for the weekend.
A rainbow arched across the sky.
In the rainy season things get damp easily.
We were caught in a heavy shower.
sleet [sliːt] 雨夹雪
Conditions were damp and foggy after morning sleet.
Snow was falling heavily.
We strode across the snowy fields.
How long do you think this storm will last?
The sun was just setting.
The outlook for the weekend is hot and sunny.
They had three weeks of glorious sunshine.
temperature [ˈtemprətʃə(r)] 温度
The temperature has risen by five degrees.
thermometer [θəˈmɒmɪtə(r)] 温度计
The thermometer recorded a temperature of 40 ˚C.
Thunder crashed in the sky.
thunderstorm [ˈθʌndəstɔːm] 雷雨，雷暴；雷雨交加
She got caught in a thunderstorm.
tornado [tɔːˈneɪdəʊ] 龙卷风
Tornado in china mostly occurs in summer half year.
Did you have good weather on your trip?
weather forecast 天气预报
The weather forecast is better for today.
The wind is blowing from the south.
It was windy and Jake felt cold.
1. What’s it like out/ outside?/ What’s the weather like?/ How is the weather?/ What is the weather doing?/ What is the weather like in Paris?/ What is the weather like in Paris in winter?/ How is the weather in the south of the country?
It is foggy/ snunny/ snowing/stormy/ ….
It's really cold now.
It is raining heavily outside.
It has just stopped snowing.
It's miserable out.
It is rainy in winter and sunny in summer.
It is partly cloudy at the moment but it is usually sunny.
2. What's the temperature there?/ What is the temperature?/ What is the temperature in the east?/ What is the average temperature here in summer?
It is 25°C.
It is 32 degrees Celsius.
It's ten below/ minus ten.
It’s minus 20 degrees Celsius.
3. What is the weather forecast?/ What's the weather forecast for today/ tonight/ tomorrow/ this week/ …?/ What is the weather forecast for today in Paris?
It looks like snow.
There will be rain at first， with sunny spells later.
We’re in for frost tonight.
It will be a rainy day tomorrow.
They're saying we will have blue skies for the whole week.
天气预报说整周都是晴空万里。It will be rainy tomorrow.明天会下雨。The weather will be fine.天气会好的。4. How do you feel on rainy/ sunny/ stormy days?下雨天/晴天/暴风雨天你感觉怎么样？I feel sleepy.我觉得困。I feel anxious on stormy days.我在暴风雨天感到焦虑。I feel upset because it’s cold and rainy.我很难过，因为又冷又下雨。5. It's snowing here， what's it doing there?这里在下雪，你那里呢？It's pouring outside.外面下着倾盆大雨。It's hailing.在下冰雹。
图片三、常见的错误我们通常不单独用与天气有关的名词和“it is”来表示天气状况，而用它们的形容词形式代替它们。所以，当我们谈论天气时，我们通常会在名词的末尾加上“-y”，使之成为形容词，或者我们可以通过在名词前面加上形容词来使用名词。1. How's the weather?天气怎么样？❌: It is snow. ✔: It is snowy. ✔: It is snowing. 2. What's it like out?外面天气怎么样？❌: It is rain. ✔: It is rainy. ✔: It is raining. 3. What's the weather like?天气怎么样？❌: It is sun. ✔: It is sunny. ✔: The sun is shining. 四、常见的描述天气情况相关的单词及其形容词
图片五、常见的描述天气情况表达方式1. rainIt is raining/ rainy. 下雨了。It is a rainy day/ morning/ afternoon/ night/ summer/ winter/ spring/ autumn/ season.这是一个多雨的天/早晨/下午/晚上/夏天/冬天/春天/秋天/季节。There is heavy rain. 有大雨。The rain is falling. 下雨了。2. snowIt is snowing/ snowy. 下雪了。It is a snowy day/ morning/ afternoon/ night/ winter.这是一个白雪覆盖的日子/早晨/下午/晚上/冬天。There will be heavy snow tomorrow.明天有大雪。The snow is falling down.下雪了。3. sunIt is shining brightly. 阳光明媚。It is sunny. 天气晴朗。There is a sun after the storm.暴风雨过后有太阳。4. windIt is blowing.风在吹。It is windy.风很大/起风了。It is a windy day.今天是大风天。There is a light wind blowing.有一股微风吹来。5. fogIt is foggy.雾茫茫的/起雾了。It is a foggy day.今天雾茫茫的。There is heavy fog outside.外面有大雾。6. cloudIt is cloudy.天空多云。It is a cloudy day.今天是阴天。It’s been cloudy for a week now. We need some sun!已经多云了一个星期了。我们需要阳光！It’s really cloudy out. I wonder if it will rain today.外面云真多。我不知道今天会不会下雨。There is a cloudy sky.天空多云。It’s pretty cloudy outside.外面多云。It’s partly cloudy.今天局部多云。7. clearIt is clear.天气晴朗。It is a clear day.今天天气晴朗。There is a clear sky.晴空万里。I think it’ll clear up later.我想晚些时候天气会转晴的。8. coldIt is cold.天气很冷。It is a cold day.今天很冷。It is getting colder.天气越来越冷了。It’s not snowing， but it is very cold.今天不下雪，但很冷。9. hotIt is so hot today!今天真热！It’s so hot out there!外面太热了！10. warmIt is warm and sunny.天气温暖晴朗。It will certainly be warm.天气一定会暖和的。The forecast said it will be warm on Sunday.天气预报说星期天会暖和。It’s so hot today! I hope it’s warmer tomorrow.今天真热！我希望明天暖和些。11. humidIt’s so hot and humid outside. The air feels so thick and sticky.外面又热又湿。感觉空气又浓又粘。It’s so humid out.外面太潮湿了。It is really humid. I really prefer the dry summer air.天气真潮湿。我真的更喜欢夏天干燥的空气。There is a humid summer here.这里夏天很潮湿。12. thunder/ lightingWe just heard thunder， and a lightning storm is expected.我们刚听到雷声，预计会有雷雨。The thunder broke the silence of the night.雷声打破了夜晚的寂静。Suddenly a lightning flashed and we heard a loud of thunder yesterday.昨天突然一道闪电闪过，我们听到一声雷声。I heard the thunder at the same time as the lightning struck.我在雷击时听到了雷声。There is almost non-stop lightning and thunder.几乎雷电交加。The lightning and thunder are continuing.雷电继续交加。There is lightning outside right now.外面现在电闪雷鸣。